On September 11, 2001, four planes were hijacked in the United States. The hijackers deliberately flew three of the planes into two important buildings, the Pentagon in Washington DC and the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York. The fourth crashed into a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania. Nearly 3000 people died in the attacks and the economic impact was immense. The attacks have greatly increased attention to security issues worldwide.
On the night of September 2, 1666, a small fire broke out in the baker shop of Thomas Farriner in Pudding Lane, in the City of London. It was perhaps caused by a careless maid. Pudding Lane was a narrow street and most of the houses were built of timber.
The weather was hot and dry, the east wind helped to spread the fire. In the close-packed streets of London, where buildings jostled each other for space, the blaze became a disaster. Streets were soon filled with people running to escape the fire. The river boats were packed with refugees and their belongings. Profiteers made money by hiring carts and boats at high prices. Most people could not afford their prices and could only save what they could carry.The fire raged for four nights and days. It had caused a huge amount of damage: 87 churches, including St Paul's cathedral, 13,200 houses were destroyed. Up to 200,000 people lost their homes. It’s hard to believe, but only 6 people lost their lives.