On September 11, 2001, four planes were hijacked in the United States. The hijackers deliberately flew three of the planes into two important buildings, the Pentagon in Washington DC and the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York. The fourth crashed into a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania. Nearly 3000 people died in the attacks and the economic impact was immense. The attacks have greatly increased attention to security issues worldwide.
On the night of September 2, 1666, a small fire broke out in the baker shop of Thomas Farriner in Pudding Lane, in the City of London. It was perhaps caused by a careless maid. Pudding Lane was a narrow street and most of the houses were built of timber.
The weather was hot and dry, the east wind helped to spread the fire. In the close-packed streets of London, where buildings jostled each other for space, the blaze became a disaster. Streets were soon filled with people running to escape the fire. The river boats were packed with refugees and their belongings. Profiteers made money by hiring carts and boats at high prices. Most people could not afford their prices and could only save what they could carry.The fire raged for four nights and days. It had caused a huge amount of damage: 87 churches, including St Paul's cathedral, 13,200 houses were destroyed. Up to 200,000 people lost their homes. It’s hard to believe, but only 6 people lost their lives.
More than any other vehicle, the relatively affordable and efficient Model T was responsible for accelerating the automobile's introduction into American society during the first quarter of the 20th century.Introduced in October 1908, the Model T—also known as the "Tin Lizzie"—weighed some 1,200 pounds, with a 20-horsepower, four-cylinder engine. It got about 13 to 21 miles per gallon of gasoline and could travel up to 45 mph. Initially selling for around $850 (around $20,000 in today's dollars), the Model T would later sell for as little as $260 (around $6,000 today) for the basic no-extras model.
Largely due to the Model T's incredible popularity, the U.S. government made construction of new roads one of its top priorities by 1920. By 1926, however, the Lizzie had become outdated in a rapidly expanding market for cheaper cars.. On May 25, 1927, Ford made headlines around the world with the announcement that he was discontinuing the Model T.
Douglas Brinkley wrote about the T Model in "Wheels for the World:.” It was the car that ran before there were good roads to run on. It broke down the barriers of distance in rural sections, brought people of these sections closer together and placed education within the reach of everyone."
After production officially ended the following day, Ford factories shut down in early June, and some 60,000 workers were laid off. The company sold fewer than 500,000 cars in 1927, less than half of Chevrolet's sales. No car in history, however, had the impact—both actual and mythological—of the Model T: Authors like Ernest Hemingway, E.B. White and John Steinbeck featured the Tin Lizzie in theirprose, while the great filmmaker Charlie Chaplin immortalized it in satire in his 1928 film "The Circus."